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Social Protection and Ageing

Ageing of the population is related to demographic transition, whereby densely populated countries like Bangladesh are expected to have a replacement level population by 2050.

The aging of the population in Bangladesh  is  expected to proceed faster than in other developing countries. Moreover, the transition from high to low fertility is expected to narrow the base of the age pyramid and broaden it at the top. In addition, improvements in life expectancy at all ages will result in the survival of more old persons, thus intensifying the aging process.

It is in this context that social security programmes, especially social assistance schemes, become important in Bangladesh. Given the large informal and unorganized sector in most of the region, formal social security mechanisms and pensions that emanate from an employee-employer relationship have very low coverage. Universal publicly funded social security measures like food subsidy, and medical, health and education facilities are also far more inferior and inaccessible to large sections of the poor and marginalized in our country.

Social pensions also assume importance in the context of globalization and informalization of work. The evidence of increasing informal work within the 'formal' sector is also a challenge to the social security of millions of workers.

In this point of view INDAB took initiative on social protection and aging issues in its current activities to uphold the rights of vulnerable older people of the community.

The issues are :

  • Eradicate poverty of older people
  • Ensure economic security of the elderly
  • Exist legal aspects of the policy for the welfare of  elderly
  • Elderly people's easy access to health system
  • Ensure housing facilities for the elderly
  • Incorporate elderly issues in the national education curriculum
  • Ensure elderly rights to property
  • Involve media to establish ageing rights
  • Promoting ageing research


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